On November 5, 2009, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Ma Zhaoxu held a regular press conference and answered questions.
Ma Zhaoxu: Good Afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. First, I'd like to welcome the officials with the Immigration Department of the Hong Kong Special Administration Region and diplomats from the South Pacific island countries.
I have an announcement to make. At the invitation of the Chinese Government, President Michelle Bachelet of the Republic of Chile will pay a working visit to Shanghai from November 12 to 13.
Now, the floor is open.
Q: Mr. Stern, the US Special Envoy for Climate Change said yesterday that if the developing countries including China don't take corresponding actions, the US will not agree on the goal of the reduction of green house gas emission. How do you comment on that? Senior official Xu Qiliang of the Chinese Air Force said recently that the militarization in outer space is inevitable. Do you agree? Please share with us China's position on the outer space issue.
A: On the first question, we have taken note of relevant report. I have reiterated the position of the Chinese Government on climate change especially concerning the upcoming Copenhagen Conference. The developed countries have historical responsibility on climate change and should take the lead in the quantified reduction of emission by a large margin. They also need to support the developing countries in capital input, technology assistance, and capability building to deal with climate change. Based on that, the developing countries shall take appropriate mitigation steps in their respective countries within the framework of sustainable development. This is widely recognized by the international community and the essence of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The Chinese Government attaches great importance to climate change and has made major contributions by taking proactive measures. On the recent UN Summit on Climate Change, President Hu Jintao announced the important measures taken by China to deal with climate change, including target of making remarkable reduction of carbon dioxide emission for per capita GDP by 2020, and expanding forest coverage by 40 million hectares. China is serious on climate change, with a clear goal set and effective measures adopted.
Let me remind you that on the reduction of green house gas emission, being at different stages of development, the developing countries and the developed countries, China and the US vary in the level of economic growth. Mitigation efforts of the developing countries are fundamentally different from the quantified emission reduction of the developed countries. This complies with the basic principles of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, especially the principle of "common but differentiated responsibilities", and the relevant provisions in the Bali Roadmap.
On the second question, China has all along upheld the peaceful use of outer space. We oppose the weaponization and arms race in outer space. China has never and will not participate in any form of arms race in outer space. Our position remains unchanged.
Q: It is reported that tomorrow the Ministry of Defense will hold a meeting on the international cooperation and coordination in escorting in the Aden Gulf to discuss how to combat pirates. Could you share with us more information?
A: As I learnt from the Ministry of Defense, at the request of the working group of the Somali Pirate Issue Laison Taskforce of the UN, the Ministry of Defense will hold the meeting on international cooperation and coordination in escorting in the Aden Gulf from November 6 to 7. Participants include representatives from Russia, Japan, India, the EU Navy, the Multi-national Navy Force, NATO and other countries and organizations which are there for independent or united patrolling missions. This meeting is a follow-up of Bahrein meeting this August which plans to focus on the zoned escorting cooperation in the Aden Gulf so as to work out the best practice in international cooperation.
China holds an active and open attitude on the international cooperation in escorting. Within the framework of the relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council, we are ready to have various forms of bilateral and multilateral cooperation with all related countries and organizations so as to jointly safeguard peace and tranquility of the Aden Gulf and Somalia waters.
Q: The Indian Government says that China is building a power plant or dam along the section of the Brahmaputra Rivers in Tibet. Can you confirm?
A: I have already answered this question at previous conferences. Let me add something here, China is a responsible country which never does things to undermine other country's interests.
Q: Li Gun, Director General of the North America Department of the DPRK Foreign Ministry stopped over in Beijing on his way back to the DPRK from the US. Has he met with Chinese officials?
A: I am not aware of the specifics you mentioned. We welcome closer contact and better relations between the DPRK and the US, and hope it is conducive to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, the maintenance of peace and stability of Northeast Asia, and the early resumption of the Six-Party Talks.
Q: President Hu Jintao will receive US President Obama after the APEC Economic Leadership Meeting. Do you have any expectation for Obama's visit to China?
A: I would like to take this opportunity to make an announcement. Tomorrow afternoon, at 2:30, we will invite the officials with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Commerce to brief you on President Hu's attendance to the APEC Economic Leadership Meeting. You are very welcome to attend the briefing.
On President Obama's visit to China, we will make relevant announcement in due course.
Q: China is celebrating the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Air Force. Could you update us on the celebrating events?
A: On the celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PLA Air Force, we will arrange a collective trip for foreign journalists to cover relevant activities. As for the specifics of the celebration, please refer to the Ministry of Defense.
If there is no other question, thank you!