Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Jiang Yu started the press conference with the following announcements:
At the invitation of the WPK Central Committee and the DPRK Government, Vice Premier Li Keqiang, Member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee will pay an official goodwill visit to the DPRK from October 23 to 25.
At the invitation of the ROK Government, Vice Premier Li Keqiang will pay an official visit to the ROK from October 26 to 27.
Q: Please brief us on the arrangements and major purpose of Vice Premier Li Keqiang's visits to the DPRK and the ROK.
A: With regard to the specific arrangements of Vice Premier Li Keqiang's visits to the DPRK and the ROK, China is coordinating with the two countries.
Both the DPRK and the ROK are China's important neighbors. China has maintained regular high-level interactions with the two countries. During his visits, Vice Premier Li will meet and hold talks with leaders of the two countries and exchange views on bilateral relations as well as international and regional issues of shared interest. We believe that the visits will give a boost to China-DPRK and China-ROK relations.
Q: Pakistan is to bid for the nonpermanent membership of the UN Security Council. What is China's attitude?
A: China and Pakistan are all-weather strategic partners. China attaches great importance to Pakistan's bid and supports the latter in playing a bigger role in safeguarding international peace and security.
Q: How does China look at the current situation on the Korean Peninsula on the eve of Vice Premier Li Keqiang's visits to the DPRK and the ROK? Myanmar's official newspaper issued editorials three days in a row to express the hope that the Myitsone power plant would not impact China-Myanmar relations. How does China respond? How is the communication between the two sides on relevant issue?
A: As a close neighbor to the Korean Peninsula as well as friend of both the South and the North, China sincerely supports the improvement of relations, reconciliation and cooperation between the South and the North and hopes to see peace, stability and enduring security on the Peninsula. China has been in close communication and coordination with all relevant parties, including the DPRK and the ROK on easing the situation on the Peninsula and promoting the Six-Party Talks. China will continue to make joint active efforts with all relevant parties for peace and stability on the Peninsula and in the region at large.
On your second question, China highly values its relations with Myanmar. The further advancement of China-Myanmar goodneighborly and friendly cooperation is the consensus of both sides. China will continue to press ahead with bilateral friendly cooperation across the board in line with the principle of mutual respect and treating each other as equals.
On bilateral economic cooperation and trade, China forges ahead practical cooperation in various fields in a down-to-earth manner by upholding the principle of equality and mutual benefit for the sake of economic and social development as well as people's well-being in Myanmar.
China and Myanmar have reached the consensus that specific problems arising from bilateral cooperation should be appropriately handled through friendly consultation. We hope that Myanmar will take positive and effective measures to ensure the just and lawful rights and interests of Chinese enterprises there.
Q: An article in yesterday's Nikkei claimed that Chinese companies' investment in Africa would not help the local long-term development and China-Africa economic cooperation might become a controversial election topic in some African countries. How do you comment?
A: I think the reason behind some different views on China-Africa cooperation is on the one hand a lack of comprehensive and accurate understanding of China's Africa policy, and on the other hand one-sided and excessive focus on the behaviour of a few individual companies instead of looking at the whole picture. We of course take the problems seriously and handle them in an appropriate way. The outside should also take a correct attitude toward China-Africa cooperation.
China develops a mutually beneficial economic and trade relationship with African countries under the principles of equality-based sincere friendship, reciprocity in pursuit of practical results and common development. Highly applauded by African countries, bilateral cooperation has greatly boosted Africa's economic and social development and delivered tangible benefits to the African people.
Offering assistance to African countries to the best of its capacity, China has built in Africa a total of over 900 sets of project, 2233km of railroads, 3391km of highways, 42 stadiums and 54 hospitals, sent more than 18,000 medical personnel, trained 30,000-plus people from various sectors, dispatched 350,000 technicians and offered 34,000 government-funded scholarships to African students.
Meanwhile, China has become Africa's important trading and investment cooperation partner. China is Africa's top trading partner, with bilateral trade volume standing at US$ 129.6 billion in 2010 and China's trade deficit nearly US$ 7 billion. China's FDI (foreign direct investment) stock in Africa exceeds US$ 10 billion, with over 1,600 companies set up in Africa covering a broad range of fields in economic and social development and creating nearly 350,000 job opportunities.
Recent reports by the UN Economic Commission for Africa and the African development bank applaud China-Africa cooperation. China will continue to work with African countries in a joint bid to promote the healthy and stable development of China-Africa cooperation. We hope the international community makes an objective and fair assessment in this regard. In fact, China's cooperation with Africa has increased international focus on and input in Africa, which is a good thing for Africa as well.
Q: Moody's recently downgraded Spain's sovereign debt rating. What measures will China take to support Spain and other European countries to tide over the debt crisis?
A: As for the debt crisis faced by some European countries, China supports their efforts to tackle the financial crisis and strengthen fiscal consolidation. It is widely held that the eurozone should join hands in self-remedy and implementing the consensus. We hope their consensus can be translated into action as soon as possible to alleviate the crisis.
As far as China is concerned, we are positive toward expanding cooperation with Europe in trade, investment, finance and other sectors, with a view to jointly addressing challenges. China and the EU should keep their markets open to each other and engage in mutually beneficial cooperation. During the upcoming 14th China-EU Summit, China and the EU will have in-depth discussions on how to tackle the European sovereign debt crisis and work together to promote world economic recovery and strong, sustainable growth.
Q: What is China's expectation on the resumption of the Six-Party Talks?
A: We have noted that relevant parties have engaged in active contact and dialogue recently. We hope the parties can make the best of the current opportunity, keep the momentum of dialogue and contact, and work together to meet each other halfway, with a view to creating conditions for the resumption of the Six-Party Talks.
Q: Will Vice Premier Li Keqiang discuss the Six-Party Talks during his visits to the DPRK and the ROK?
A:In the bilateral talks between China and the DPRK as well as China and the ROK, there will be in-depth exchange of views on how to further promote bilateral relations and issues of common interest, including the situation on the Peninsula.