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Developing A New Type of International Relations and Building A Community of Common Destiny for Mankind Address by Ambassador Ma Zhaoxu at the UNAA National Conference 2015
2015/08/21

Developing A New Type of International Relations and Building A Community of Common Destiny for Mankind

Address by Ambassador Ma Zhaoxu at the UNAA National Conference 2015

Dr Russell Trood, President of the UNAA,

Mr Gary Quinlan, Deputy Secretary of DFAT,

Sir James Mclay, Former New Zealand Ambassador to the UN,

Ladies and gentlemen,

Good morning! I am very pleased to attend the UNAA National Conference. My sincere thanks go to Dr Russell Trood for inviting me to this special event. It is most fitting and relevant to hold the event as this year marks 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations.

The United Nations has traveled an extraordinary journey in an ever-changing world and made remarkable achievements over the past 70 years. The fundamental principles enshrined in the UN Charter- sovereign equality, non-interference in internal affairs and peaceful settlement of disputes- have since taken hold as the cornerstone of the current international order. The UN has secured extensive support for its practice in safeguarding international peace and security, promoting common development and human rights progress.

It is never to be forgotten that the United Nations was born out of profound reflections on the war. This year also marks the 70th anniversary of the victory of World Anti-Fascist War and Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. China has made tremendous national sacrifices and made significant contribution to the final victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. For this reason, China will hold special commemorative events to remember the history and create a better future.

Dr Trood asks me to talk about China’s perspective on the United Nations. I do have something to share on this topic. As a junior diplomat, I once worked at China’s Permanent Mission to the UN in the 1990s. It is fair to say that I have witnessed the growth of the United Nations in the past 30 years and China’s increasing role in the UN.

The restoration of China’s lawful seat in the UN at the 26th UN Assembly in 1971 opened a new chapter in China-UN relations. 40 years on, China has always been firmly committed to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, safeguarding international order with the United Nations as the core and the purposes and principles of the UN Charter as the cornerstone, and taking an active part in the UN's work across the board. China has played a constructive role in maintaining world peace and stability, promoting common development, safeguarding and improving post-war global order and international system.

I would like to highlight the following points in this regard.

Firstly, China strongly upholds the purposes and spirit of the UN Charter. China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace, and is committed to international peace, security and cooperation. In 1950s, together with India and Myanmar, China proposed the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. These principles have since become the well-recognized norms governing international relations. Recently, H.E. President Xi Jinping called for efforts to develop a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation and building a community of common destiny for mankind. Being a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China is dedicated to upholding international justice, and safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries. China consistently stands for peaceful settlement of international disputes and opposes willful use of force and rejects power politics and zero-sum game. China’s foreign policy has always been following the path of partnership instead of alliance, cooperation rather than confrontation.

Secondly, China fully participates in the work of UN and its Security Council. China has been actively engaged in peace talks to solve disputes and maintain world peace and security. China has contributed solutions and exerted positive influence in the settlement of global hotspot issues such as Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Ukraine, and North Korea and Iranian nuclear issues. China maintains the authority and role of the UN, in particular its Security Council. China advocates the new security concept of “mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality and coordination”. China has contributed the biggest number of peacekeeping personnel among the permanent members of the UN Security Council. Since 1989 China has deployed a total of over 30,000 personnel to 29 UN peace keeping missions. As we speak today, 3100 Chinese peacekeepers are performing their duties around the world.

Third, China has made outstanding achievements in reaching the UN Millennium Development (MDG) goals. China is the first developing country to realize the goal of poverty alleviation ahead of schedule, which significantly sped up global efforts to eliminate poverty. 250 million people were lifted out of poverty between 1978 and 2010 by Chinese standards, while 660 million people were lifted out of poverty by international standards. 93.3% of the world poverty reduction comes from China. China has fully participated in the UN discussion and cooperation on issues such as building a new global economic order, sustainable development, climate change, humanitarian rescue, disaster relief and prevention. As the largest developing country, China will continue to provide the best assistance it can to other developing countries under the South-South cooperation framework. Since 1950s, China has provided a total of 400 billion yuan of foreign aid and helped trained more than 12 million personnel.

Fourth, China has vigorously involved in UN’s work on human rights, carried out its international obligations, and contributed to the social programs of the UN. In the wake of the Ebola outbreak, China stepped up its cooperation with the UN and the World Health Organization, donating a total sum of 8 million USD to fight the disease.

Fifth, China has actively participated in the negotiations of multi-lateral arms control treaties such as the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction and Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). China has worked hard for the international cause on arms control. Besides that, China has been promoting the rules making of new boundaries such as the outer space and internet security, actively implementing relevant international conventions under the UN framework. China has become a party to more than 400 multilateral treaties and over 23,000 bilateral ones. It is also a member to almost all the intergovernmental organizations in the world.

Sixth, China supports the UN reform for better development and improvement. China also supports reform of the Security Council, which is important part of the UN reform. We take the view that reform should help strengthen the authority and efficiency of the Security Council in coordinating international efforts to tackle global challenges. The priority of the reform should be on increasing the representation and voice of developing countries, especially African countries, in the Security Council so that small and medium-sized countries will have more opportunities to sit on the Security Council in turns, participate in its decision-making, and play a bigger role in the Security Council. We believe that it is important to continue with democratic and extensive consultations, accommodate the interests and concerns of all parties, seek a package solution and reach the broadest possible agreement. This is the way we should follow as it is in the common interest of all member states.

In a changing world, the UN carries higher expectations and shoulder greater responsibilities. The international community should carry forward the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, firmly follow the path of multilateralism and strengthen the role of the UN.

China will take a more active part in all UN activities for the betterment of human well-being, dedicate itself to safeguarding world peace, and participate, facilitate and contribute to the global and regional order.

Ladies and gentlemen,

China and Australia have established a comprehensive strategic partnership. Both are important countries in the Asia-Pacific and founding members of the UN. We have worked together and closely effectively under the UN framework and on regional and international issues. China appreciates Australia’s active role in the political resolution of regional hotspot issues during its term as non-permanent member of the Security Council between 2013 to 2014. At the same time, as two of the troika of the G20, Australia successfully hosted the G20 Brisbane summit in 2014 and China will host the 2016 summit. China looks forward to working with Australia closely for substantive outcomes of the summit in terms of international governance and common development.

During his visit to Australia last year, President Xi Jinping quoted an African saying: if you want to go fast, walk alone. If you want to go far, walk together. China stands ready to join hands with all other countries including Australia to maintain stability and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific and beyond and create a better future for human society.

Thank you.

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