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Speech for the National Day Congratulating the 56th anniversary of The founding of the People's Republic of China
2005/09/28

   October 1st this year is the 56th birthday of the People's Republic of China, a date that will be cerebrated by people all over China. In the hundred-odd years prior to the birth of the New China, the Chinese people had suffered enough from the atrocity and distress by the invasion of foreign enemies and tangled warfare among warlords. It was on this date fifty-six year ago that Chairman Mao Zedong proclaimed to the world the birth of New China. It was since this date that the Chinese people have been lifted out of history of humiliation and poverty and move towards stability and prosperity.

   Since the end of 1970s, under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, who put forward a "three-step" strategic objective for China's development, China has been progressing on the track guided by the policy of "reforming and opening-up". Through over twenty years' endeavor, China has achieved the first two steps and is striving for the third one.

   Presently the national economy of China has been growing rapidly. Chinese people have experienced significant improvement of their living standards and the national strength has been on the increase over the years. The building of socialist democratic and legal systems has increasingly been on the improvement. The development of each and every aspect of the society is in full swing.

   Since 1979, China's GDP has been growing at an average annual rate of over 9%. In 2004, China's GDP was RMB13, 651.5 billion while the volume of foreign trade reached USD1,154.74 billion. In the first half of 2005, the total of China's import and export topped USD645.03 billion, a 23.2% rise over the same period in 2004. Thanks to the increase of government investment and efforts through all circles of the society, the absolute population living in poverty (namely people with net income per capita less than RMB668) has reduced from 250 million in 1979 to 26.1million in 2004. In fact, Chinese people are getting rich. The net income per capita of rural residents has grown from RMB133 in 1978 to RMB2,936 in 2004 while the disposable income of urban residents per c