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The Direction of China's Reform and Development and the Opportunities It Presents

February 21, 2008

Zheng Xinli

The Communist Party of China (CPC) convened its 17th National Congress in October 2007. The report delivered by General Secretary Hu Jintao at the congress on behalf of the CPC Central Committee put forward new requirements for attaining the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020. It also introduced strategies, principles and policies for China's economic, political, cultural and social development in the next few years. The Scientific Outlook on Development was enshrined in the report as an important guiding principle for China's economic and social development. It called on us to observe the following principles while applying the Scientific Outlook on Development:

First, we must always give top priority to development. Development is the key to resolving all China's problems. Without development, we will not be able to achieve modernization. Development enables China to provide for its more than 1 billion people, better undertake its international obligations and make greater contributions to the world economy.

Second, we must put people first as we seek development. We should see to it that development is for the people, by the people and with the people sharing in its fruits. We should respect the democratic rights of the people, give play to the people's creativity, safeguard the people's economic, political, cultural and social interests, seek common prosperity and promote all-round development of the people.

Third, we must pursue sustainable development. We should harmonize economic growth with the population, resources and the environment. We should adopt an enlightened approach to development that results in expanded production, a better life and sound ecological and environmental conditions and build a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society so that our people will live and work under sound ecological and environmental conditions and our economy and society will develop in a sustainable way.

Fourth, we must persist in overall consideration. Overall consideration is a basic approach to b