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Chen Shui-bian's push of "referendum" on UN entry illegal, says mainland scholar

    BEIJING, Sept. 16 (Xinhua) -- Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian's push of a "referendum" on the island's entry into the United Nations is in breach of law, said a signed article to be published in Monday's People's Daily, the country's most influential newspaper.

    Dang Chaosheng, a scholar with the Taiwan Studies Institute under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, warned Chen in the article that Chen will get burnt if he plays with fire.

    Taiwan authorities sent a letter to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon in July, raising an application to join the United Nations in the name of "Taiwan." Meanwhile, Chen Shui-bian has been pushing for a plan to hold a "referendum" in Taiwan on its entry to the United Nations.

    Taiwan and the mainland belong to one and the same China, which is the status quo that has been recognized by the international community, said the article.

    It said the Cairo Declaration, Potsdam Proclamation, Resolution2758 of the United Nations General Assembly accept that there is only one China in the world and Taiwan is part of China.

    The Cairo Declaration was signed by leaders of three allied nations, China, the United States and Britain, on Dec. 1, 1943, demanding that all Chinese territories Japan had occupied, including the northeastern parts of China, Taiwan and the Penghu Islands, be returned to China.

    There is only one China in the world and Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory, and the government of the People's Republic of China is the sole legitimate government representing the whole of China, said the article.

    Taiwan has no qualification whatsoever to join the United Nations under any name or in any way, as statehood is required for membership of the world body, the scholar said.

    On Oct. 25, 1971, the 26th session of the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758, deciding to transfer China's seat in the United Nations to the government of the People's Republic of China.

    The Chinese UN membership represents both mainland and Taiwan, which has been solved at political, legal and procedural level already for a long time, said the scholar.

    The article noted that no sovereign country in the world today brooks secessionist activities, citing laws in the United States, Canada and Russia.

    The Anti-Secession Law, approved in March 2005 by China's National People's Congress, shows the utmost sincerity of the mainland to try its best for peaceful reunification, as well as its firm determination never to allow anyone to make Taiwan secede from China in any manner, said the article.

    Dang warned that Chen's move would only bring "instant and serious danger" to Taiwan compatriots and the Chinese nation.

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