On December 5, 2011, Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi attended the International Afghanistan Conference in Bonn, Germany and delivered a speech in which he comprehensively elaborated China's position and opinions on the Afghan issue.
Yang said that Afghanistan launched its peace and reconstruction process ten years ago. Since then, with the strong support of the international community, the Afghan government and people have made unremitting efforts and achieved encouraging progress in various fields. But there are still challenges on the way ahead. It is the bounden responsibility of the international community to support Afghanistan in achieving peace and development at an early date.
He noted that the international community should firmly support an "Afghan-led and Afghan-owned" process of peace and reconstruction, respect Afghanistan's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity; firmly support Afghanistan in capacity building so that it can take over the responsibility of safeguarding national peace and stability as early as possible; firmly support Afghanistan in advancing national reconciliation through its own efforts and help create a favorable environment for reconciliation; firmly support Afghanistan in developing the economy and continue to provide support and assistance with no strings attached to bolster Afghanistan's capacity for sustainable development; firmly support Afghanistan in developing external relations on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit, especially enhancing good-neighborly relations and mutual political trust with other countries in the region. The international community should fully respect and accommodate the legitimate concerns of countries in the region. Countries should support the United Nations in continuing to play a leading role in coordinating international assistance to Afghanistan. The role of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and other existing international organizations and cooperation mechanisms should be brought into full play.
He stressed that China, as a friendly neighbor of Afghanistan and a responsible member of the international community, has played an active part in supporting and promoting Afghanistan's reconstruction process and provided sincere assistance to Afghanistan. China will continue to take concrete steps to help Afghanistan with its peace and reconstruction process and support the development of resources, transport, energy, infrastructure and other sectors in Afghanistan.
The Afghan side chaired the conference. Afghan President Hamid Karzai, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon attended and addressed the event respectively. Delegates of more than 80 countries, including the US, Russia, France and the UK and 15 international organizations, including the UN, the EU, World Bank and the IMF participated in the conference.