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Land Resources
2003/11/24
China has 95.1 million hectares of cultivated land, mostly in the Northeast, North China, and Middle-Lower Yangtze plains, the Pearl River (Zhujiang) Delta and the Sichuan Basin. The Northeast Plain with fertile black soil is ideal for crop growth--wheat, maize, sorghum, soybeans, sugar beets and flax. The North China Plain has level terrain and deep topsoil, where major crops include wheat, maize, millet, sorghum and cotton, along with apples, pears, grapes, persimmons and other fruits. The Middle-Lower Yangtze Plain abounds in rice, rapeseed, broad beans, tangerines and freshwater fish. This area is called "land of fish and rice."

China has 128.63 million hectares of forest cover. The Greater Hinggan, Lesser Hinggan and Changbai mountain ranges in northeast China are the largest natural forest areas that produce large stands of coniferous trees, such as Korean pine and latch, and broad-leaf trees, such as white birch, oak, northeast China ash, poplar and elm. Southwest China is another natural forest area, where the following varieties thrive: dragon spruce, fix, Yunnan pine, teak, red sandalwood, camphorwood, nanmu and padauk.

Grasslands cover 400 million hectares. Grasslands stretch 3,000 kilometres across China from the northeast to the southwest. Animal husbandry bases are located in the grasslands. Inner Mongolian grassland is the largest natural pastureland in China where the Sanhe horse, Sanhe cattle and Mongolian sheep are raised. South and north of the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang, there are also famous natural pasturelands ideal for livestock. The famous Ili horse and the Xinjiang fine-wool sheep are raised here.
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