BEIJING, Dec. 29 (Xinhua) -- Xinhua top ten domestic news events of 2009, in chronological order, are:
-- Premier Wen's on-line chat with netizens.
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao had an online chat with netizens on Feb. 28 at www.gov.cn., the central government website. More than 3.4 million netizens in and outside China were online during the chat, the first between a Chinese Premier and netizens. Wen answered 29 questions from netizens in the two-hour interview.
-- Launch of a new medical reform plan.
The central authorities issued two circulars on April 6 and April 7 respectively on deepening medical reform. China plans to spend 850 billion yuan (124 billion U.S. dollars) in the coming three years to improve the health care system covering both urban and rural residents.
-- Resolving the July 5 riot in Urumqi.
A total of 197 people were killed and more than 1,700 injured during the unrest in the capital of northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The local authorities resolved the incident in line with law.
-- All-directional diplomacy takes new step.
China's diplomatic work made headway in various fields and China actively took part in international cooperation in coping with the global financial crisis and climate change.
From Sept. 21 to 25, Chinese President Hu Jintao attended the United Nations Summit on Climate Change, the general debate of the64th Session of the UN General Assembly, a UN Security Council summit on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament, and the Pittsburgh summit of the Group of 20 (G20).
Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao attended the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen from Dec. 17 to 18.
-- Grand celebration of New China's 60th birthday.
As many as 200,000 soldiers and civilians participated in the mass parade held in Beijing to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China on Oct. 1. Chinese President Hu Jintao inspected the army and delivered an important speech.
More than 80,000 people from all walks of life attended the National Day evening gala held in the capital city.
-- President Hu's speech at the World Media Summit.
Chinese President Hu Jintao attended the opening ceremony of the World Media Summit, held from Oct. 8 to 10 in Beijing, and delivered a speech. Known as the "Media Olympics", the Xinhua-sponsored summit brought together over 130 foreign media organizations from more than 70 countries and regions and passed a joint declaration.
-- Draft law amendment considers giving equal representation in election
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's top legislature, deliberated a draft amendment to the election law on Oct. 27. The draft amendment intends to grant equal representation to rural and urban people in people's congresses.
It requires both rural and urban areas to adopt the same ratio of deputies to the represented population in elections of lawmakers.
The amendment would also ensure proper representation of various regions, ethnic groups and sectors.
-- Grain output up for six consecutive years.
China's grain output reached 528.5 million tonnes, hitting a new record and realizing six consecutive years of growth.
The achievement came in spite of the global financial crisis, market price fluctuations and severe droughts in grain producing areas.
-- Taking measures to fight climate change.
The State Council, or Cabinet, announced on Nov. 25 that China is going to reduce the intensity of carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP in 2020 by 40 to 45 percent compared with the level of2005.
It is a voluntary action taken by the country.
China has reduced its carbon intensity by more than 13 percent since 2006 and aims to reduce it by 20 percent by the end of 2010,an equivalent of reducing 1.5 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide emission.
-- China takes lead in economic recovery.
The government carried out a package of stimulus policies to invigorate ten key industries, namely steel, automobile, shipbuilding, petrochemical, textile, light industry, non-ferrous metal, equipment manufacturing, information technology and logistics industries, to cope with the global financial crisis. An annual economic growth of around 8 percent is expected to be achieved.